The Otto Lab
Department of Psychology at McGill University

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    da Silva Castanheira, K., & Otto, A.R. (in preparation). Time Pressure and Processing Speed Effects on Risk Preferences. 
    Zhang, S., Hetú, S. FeldmanHall, O., & Otto, A.R. (in preparation). Observing another’s desire to punish advantageous but unfair behavior enhances one's own equality norm enforcement.

    Bogdanov, M., Nitschke, J.P., LoParco, M., , Bartz, J.A., & Otto, A.R. (submitted). Acute psychosocial stress increases cognitive effort avoidance.  

    Vogel, T.A., Savelson, Z., Otto, A.R.*, & Roy, M.*  (in revision). Forced Choices Reveal a Trade-Off between Cognitive Effort and Physical Pain. [ preprint

    da Silva Castanheira, K., LoParco, M., & Otto, A.R. (in revision). Task-Evoked Pupillary Responses Track Effort Exertion: Evidence from Task-Switching.

    da Silva Castanheira, K. , Fleming, S.M., & Otto, A.R. (in revision). Confidence in Risky Value-based Choice.  

    Devine, S., Otto, A.R., Bolenz, F., Reiter, A., & Eppinger, B. (in revision). Cognitive resource limitations differentially shift effort cost-benefit trade-offs across the lifespan. [ preprint ]

    Fu, H., Monson, E., & Otto, A.R. (in press). Relationships between socioeconomic status and lottery gambling  across lottery types: neighborhood-level evidence from a large city. Addiction.  [ pdf

   Otto, A. R., & Vassena, E. (in press). It’s all relative: reward-induced cognitive control modulation depends on context. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 
[ pdf ]

    Villano, W. J., Otto, A. R., Ezie, C. E. C., Gillis, R., & Heller, A. S. (2020). Temporal dynamics of real-world emotion are more strongly linked to prediction error than outcome. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 149(9), 1755–1766.
[ pdf ]

    Yan, X., & Otto, A. R. (2020). Cognitive effort investment and opportunity costs in strategic decision-making: An individual differences examination. Personality and Individual Differences, 167C, 110283. [ pdf

    Iyer, E., Kairiss, M.A., Liu, A., Otto, A.R., & Bagot, R.C. (2020). Probing relationships between reinforcement learning and simple behavioral strategies to understand probabilistic reward learning. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 341, 108777. [ pdf ]

    Raio, C.M., Konova, A.B., & Otto, A.R. (2020). Trait impulsivity and acute stress interactions in reward sensitivity and response speed during multi-stage decision-making. Scientific Reports. 10(1), 1-12. [ pdf ]

    Sheldon, S., Williams, K., Harrington, S., & Otto, A. R. (2020). Emotional cue effects on accessing and elaborating upon autobiographical memories. Cognition, 198, 104217. [ pdf ]

    Wyckmans, F., Otto, A.R., Sebold, M., Daw, N.D., Bechara, A., Saeremans, M., Kornreich, C., Chatard, A., Jaafari, N., & Noël, X. (2019). Reduced model-based decision-making in gambling disorders. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1–10. [ pdf ]

    Don, H. J., Otto, A. R., Cornwall, A.C., Davis, T., & Worthy, D.A. (2019). Learning reward frequency over reward probability: A tale of two learning rules. Cognition, 193, 104042.   [ pdf ]
    Byrne, K. A., Otto, A. R., Pang, B., Patrick, C. J., & Worthy, D. A. (2019). Substance use is associated with reduced devaluation sensitivity. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 19(1), 40–55.   [ pdf ]

    Otto, A. R., & Daw, N.D. (2019). The Opportunity Cost of Time Modulates Cognitive Effort. Neuropsychologia, 123, 92–105. [ pdf ]

    Momennejad, I., Otto, A. R., Daw, N. D., & Norman, K. A. (2018). Offline replay supports planning in human reinforcement learning. eLife, 7, e32548. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A. R., & Eichstaedt, J. C. (2018). Real-world unexpected outcomes predict city-level mood states and risk-taking behavior. PLOS ONE, 13(11), e0206923.pdf ]  

  Heller, A.S., Chiemeka Ezie, C.E., Otto, A.R., & Timpano, K.R. (2018). Model-based learning and individual differences in depression: The moderating role of stress.  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 111, 19-26. [ pdf

      St-Amand, D., Sheldon, S,. & Otto, A.R. (2018). Modulating episodic memory alters risk preference during decision-making.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 30(10), 1433-1441. [ pdf ]

    FeldmanHall, O., Otto, A. R., & Phelps, E.A. (2018). Learning moral values: another’s desire to punish enhances one's own punitive behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(8),1211-1224.  [ pdf ] [ supplemental ]
    Hayward, D. A., Pereira, E. J., Otto, A. R., & Ristic, J. (2018). Smile! Social reward drives attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 44(2), 206–214. [ pdf ]

    Sandra, D. A., & Otto, A. R. (2018). Cognitive capacity limitations and Need for Cognition differentially predict reward-induced cognitive effort expenditure. Cognition, 172, 101–106. [ pdf ]

    Dunsmoor, J. E., Otto, A.R., & Phelps, E.A. (2017). Stress promotes generalization of remote but not recent threat memories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114(34), 9218–9223. [ pdf ]

    Don, H. J., Goldwater, M.B., Otto, A. R., & Livesey, E.J. (2016). Rule abstraction, model-based choice, and cognitive reflection. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23(5), 1615–1623.  [ pdf ]

    Decker, J.H., Otto, A.R., Daw, N.D., & Hartley, C.A. (2016). From creatures of habit to goal-directed learners: Tracking the developmental emergence of model-based reinforcement learning. Psychological Science, 27(6), 848-858. [ pdf ][ supplemental ]

    Blanco, N., Love, B.C., Ramscar. M., Otto, A.R., Smayda, K., & Maddox, W.T. (2016). Exploratory decision-making as a function of lifelong experience, not cognitive decline. Journal of Experimental Psychology:General 145(3), 284-297. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A. R., Fleming, S.M., & Glimcher, P.W. (2016). Unexpected but Incidental Positive Outcomes Predict Real-World Gambling. Psychological Science, 27(3), 299-311. [ pdf ] [ supplemental ]

    Gillan, C.M., Otto, A. R., Phelps, E.A., & Daw, N.D. (2015). Model-based learning protects against forming habits. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15(3),523-536.   [ pdf ] [ supplemental ]

    Otto, A. R., Skatova, A., Madlon-Kay, S., & Daw, N. D. (2015). Cognitive Control Predicts Use of Model-based Reinforcement Learning. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(2), 319-333. [ pdf ]

    Pang, B., Otto, A.R., & Worthy, D.A. (2015). Self-Control Moderates Decision-Making Behavior When Minimizing Losses versus Maximizing Gains. Journal of Behavioral Decision-Making, 28(2), 176-187.   [ pdf ]

    Worthy, D.A., Otto, A.R., Doll, B.B., Byrne, K.A., & Maddox, W.T. (2015). Older Adults are Highly Responsive to Recent Events During Decision-Making. Decision. 2(1), 27-38. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., Knox, W.B., Markman, A.B., & Love, B.C. (2014). Behavioral and Physiological Signatures of Reflective Exploratory Choice. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14(4), 1167-1183. [ pdf ]

    Gershman, S.J., Markman, A.B., & Otto, A.R. (2014). Retrospective Revaluation in Sequential Decision Making: A Tale of Two Systems. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 143(1), 182-194. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., Raio, C.M., Chiang, A., Phelps, E.A., & Daw, N.D. (2013). Working-Memory Capacity Protects Model-Based Decision-Making from Stress. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(52), 20941-20946. [ pdf ] [ supplemental ]

    Blanco, N.J., Otto, A.R., Maddox, W.T., & Love, B.C. (2013). The Influence of Depression Symptoms on Exploratory Decision-Making. Cognition (129), 563-568. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., Gershman, S.J., Markman, A.B., & Daw, N.D. (2013). The Curse of Planning: Dissecting multiple reinforcement learning systems by taxing the central executive. Psychological Science, 24(5) 751-761. [ pdf ] [ supplemental ]

    Worthy, D.A., Hawthorne, M.J., & Otto, A.R. (2013). Heterogeneity of Strategy Usage in the Iowa Gambling Task: A Comparison of Win- Stay-Lose-Shift and Reinforcement Learning Models. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 20(2), 364-371. [ pdf ]

    Worthy, D.A., Otto, A.R., & Maddox, W.T. (2012). Working-Memory Load and Temporal Myopia in Dynamic Decision-Making. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 38(6), 1640-1658. [ pdf ]

    Knox, W.B., Otto, A.R., Stone, P.H., & Love, B.C. (2012). The Nature of Belief-Directed Exploratory Choice in Human Decision-making. Frontiers in Psychology, 2,398.   [ pdf ]   

    Otto, A.R., Markman, A.B., & Love, B.C. (2012). Taking More, Now: The Optimality of Impulsive Choice Hinges on Environment Structure. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3(2), 131-138. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., Taylor, E.G., & Markman, A.B. (2011). There are at Least Two Kinds of Probability Matching: Evidence from a Secondary Task. Cognition, 118, 274-279. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., Markman, A.B., Gureckis, T.M., & Love, B.C. (2010). Regulatory Fit and Systematic Exploration in a Dynamic Decision-Making Environment.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 36(3), 797-804. [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R. (2010). Three Attempts to Replicate the Behavioral Sunk-Cost Effect: A Note on Cunha and Caldieraro (2009). Cognitive Science, 38(8). 1379-1383.   [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., & Love, B.C. (2010) You Don't Want To Know What You're Missing: When Information about Forgone Rewards Impedes Dynamic Decision Making.Judgment & Decision-Making, 5(1), 1-10.   [ pdf ]

    Otto, A.R., Gureckis, T.M., Markman, A.B., & Love, B.C. (2009). Navigating through Abstract Decision Spaces: Evaluating the Role of State Generalization in a Dynamic Decision-Making Task. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 16, 957-963.   [ pdf ]

Commentaries & Book Chapters

    Markman, A. B., & Otto, A. R. (2011). Cognitive systems optimize energy rather than information. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 34(4),. 207-208.   [ pdf ]    

    Davis, T., Goldwater, M. B., Gaylord, N., Worthy, D. A., Otto, A. R., & Glass, B. D. (2013). The Cognitive Psychology of Human-Bat-Interactions: Implications for Ecological Policy and Zoonotic Disease Transmission. In G. Geyer (Ed.), Bats: Phylogeny and Evolutionary Insights, Conservation Strategies and Role in Disease Transmission. Hauppauge, NY: Nova.

Conference Papers

    Otto, A.R., Markman, A.B., Taylor, E.G. (2010). More than One Kind of Probability Matching: Evidence from a Dual-Task Paradigm. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (Eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. (pp. 1715-1719).

    Otto, A.R., Markman, A.B., Gureckis, T.M. & Love, B.C., (2009). When things get worse before they get better: regulatory fit and average-reward learning in a dynamic decision-making environment. In N.A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (Eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1252-1257). Cognitive Science Society.

Department of Psychology